Poorest Tribe in Nigeria 2023

With more than 300+ ethnic groups in Nigeria, Nigeria is very much diverse along tribal lines.

Blessed with numerous human and mineral resources capable of properly sustaining the entire country, Nigeria is seen to be inertly rich.

But as can be generally observed, this wealth is not directly seen in the standard of living of citizens in the country.

However rich the country is seen to be, a great percentage of the Nigerian population lives below the poverty line.

The poverty line is the minimum financial strength that is needed to acquire basic necessities in life.

This cuts across salary earners, students, marketers, Farmers, and so on.

A person whose income falls below the poverty line is considered to be living in poverty. And if carefully looked at, it will be seen that the poverty quota is shared prominently between certain tribes in Nigeria.

According to the world bank:

“Nigeria is a country experiencing a high level of inequality along geographic lines, with high poverty concentration in Northern and rural areas.”

The reason for this is somewhat generic, but then, this tribe is seen to be the worst hit.

Here are the reasons as given by World Bank, but certainly it’s not limited to just these:

  • Unemployment
  • Poor quality of education
  • Subversion of Social Contract
  • Conflicts and violence
  • Weak governance
  • Lack of basic Infrastructure
  • Poor Social Service delivery
  • Radicalization and
  • Natural disasters

Poorest Tribe in Nigeria 2022

According to statistics given by World Bank, the poorest tribe in Nigeria could be said to be the Fulani extraction, this could be rated by the level of development in their region and their level of living too.

Brief History of The Fulani Tribe (Poorest Tribe in Nigeria 2023)

The Fulani, also called Peul or Fulbe, are predominantly Muslim peoples scattered throughout much of Africa, especially in West Africa from Lake Chad in the east to the Atlantic coast.

They are concentrated in Nigeria, Mali, Guinea, Senegal, and Niger but can also be found in several other countries.

The Fulani language, also known as the Fula, is divided between the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family.

Fulani’s highly dispersed alliances with various other groups have produced various socio-economic patterns.

The Fulani were originally a herd people, and their life and order were governed by the needs of their flocks.

Interaction with other groups has sometimes resulted in a degree of cultural absorption.

This especially happened in northern Nigeria, where probably half of the Fulani adopted the Hausa language and culture and, as a result of a series of holy wars (1804-10) aimed at purifying Islam, established a monarchy, establishing themselves as ruling rulers.

The Fulani in the Muslim cities is very zealous. Pastor Fulani is often lax and sometimes even inactive.

They roamed in nomadic groups, setting up temporary camps for portable huts.

Some of their dairy products are sold in the market for whole grains; cattle are rarely slaughtered for meat.

Many Fulani are permanent residents, and often do not settle for their herds, they have cattle but rely heavily on farming.

The Fulani States In Nigeria

The list of Fulani provinces covers various areas in the North such as Gombe, Sokoto, and Katsina.

Alternatively, you can meet these people in Bauchi and Kebbi.

Some live in Yobe, and you can meet the Fulani in Benue. Learn more.

Most Fulani groups are pastoral. They do not like to stay in one place forever, so they are mainly cattle ranchers who travel from place to place with their cattle, sheep, and goats.

They trade, and this is how they make a living.

Although we have noted that the main Fulani regions are centered in the Northern part of the country, these people can also be found in parts of Southern Nigeria, especially considering their nomadic lifestyle.

Other Poor Tribes in Nigeria

Apart from the Fulanis, there are other tribes considered to be poor, and worthy of note, most of them can be found in the North with very few exceptions.

  • Uncinda: Kebbi, Sokoto, Kaduna, Niger e.t.c
  • Kurama: Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Kaduna e.t.c
  • Jukun: Benue, plateau, Taraba, Bauchi e.t.c
  • Lunguda: Bauchi and Adamawa
  • Hig: Adamawa and Borno
  • Angas: Plateau, Bauchi, Jigawa e.t.c
  • Terawa: Borno and Bauchi


Those were the poorest tribes in Nigeria. With the above stats, it is clear that minority ethnic groups are the most affected of all.

This is discomforting because of the government’s reluctance to do something meaningful about it, but what do we know?

We are sure you have your opinion, do let us know via the comment box below.

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