Meaning of NYSC: What is NYSC in Nigeria?

Being a country uniquely diverse and divided along tribal and ethnic lines, every opportunity seen to unite the people on a common ground is embraced by the government.

What better way to bring together the teeming population (mostly young adults) than with the NYSC program.

Interestingly, some quarters have been vocal about their reservations concerning the usefulness and effectiveness of this program, however, the program has very much continued from inception without stop.

Here is a detailed review of the NYSC program – what it means and how it works.?

What NYSC in Nigeria?

The NYSC is a government organization that was established on 22 May 1973 as a means of reconciliation and reconstruction of the country in the aftermath of the civil war.

It was established on the basis of Act No. 24 which states that the program was created “with a view to the proper promotion and development of equitable relations among Nigerian youth and the promotion of national unity”.

The National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) is a program established by the Nigerian government to engage Nigerian graduates in nation-building and national development.

It is a scheme that gives Nigerian youths a sense of self-confidence by encouraging them to develop self-employment skills.

Allowing them to participate in the rapid growth of the country’s economy and also to encourage relations between the youths in the country and promoting national unity generally.

Who Founded the NYSC?

The NYSC was founded by the then-president Yakubu Gowon in the year 1973, 22 May, with its headquarters situated in the federal capital territory, Abuja.

Participants of the NYSC program are either called Corp Members, Corpers or Youth Corpers.

What Are The Objectives of NYSC in Nigeria?

The objectives of the National Youth Service Corps Program are clearly enumerated in Decree No.51 of 16 June 1993 as follows:

  • To develop a sense of corporate existence and common destiny of the people of Nigeria.
  • That such group of youths assigned to work together is as representative of Nigeria as far as possible.
  • To contribute to the accelerated growth of the national economy.
  • Those members of the service corps are encouraged to seek at the end of their one-year national service, career employment all over Nigeria, thus promoting the free movement of labor.
  • To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement and social and cultural improvement.
  • That as far as possible, youths are assigned to jobs in States other than their States of origin.
  • To remove prejudices, eliminate ignorance and confirm firsthand the many similarities among Nigerians of all ethnic groups.
  • That the Nigerian youths are encouraged to eschew religious intolerance by accommodating religious differences.
  • To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training. which will make them more amenable to mobilization in the national interest.
  • That the Nigerian youths are exposed to the modes of living of the people in different parts of Nigeria.
  • To enable Nigerian youths to acquire the spirit of self-reliance by encouraging them to develop skills for self-employment.
  • That employer is induced partly through their experience with members of the service corps to employ more readily and on a permanent basis, qualified Nigerians, irrespective of their States of origin.
  • To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and loyal service to Nigeria in any situation, they may find themselves.
  • The equitable distribution of members of the service corps and the effective utilization of their skills in areas of national needs.
  • To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration.
  • To remove prejudices, eliminate ignorance and confirm at first hand the many similarities among Nigerians of all ethnic groups

Importance of NYSC in Nigeria

The NYSC program is expected to train the youths who are the said leader of tomorrow.

The active participation of a designated category of youths in the scheme is a significant step toward national integration.

Nigerian youths who go through this program will be equipped with sound guidance, leadership skills, and entrepreneurial skills too at their orientation camps and primary places of assignment.

Corpers are usually sent to non-native cities, far away from their hometown so as to help them connect and interface with other cultures and learn about other people’s tribal backgrounds, religions, and how to interact.

It generally helps them get closer to other ethnic groups in the county.

Eligibility of NYSC in Nigeria

To be eligible to participate in one-year compulsory service, a student must be under or not over 30 years of age at the time of graduation, or he or she will be issued with a Certificate of Exemption, equivalent to an NYSC Certificate of Exit.

A graduate who graduates before the age of 30 but skips the one-year service, will still be eligible as his or her graduation certificate was completed before he or she turned 30 years old.

The NYSC is compulsory in the sense that national graduates cannot apply for exemption on their own unless they have a disability, military service, or military service for more than one year or older than 30 years of graduation.

Part-Time graduates (CEP) are granted an exemption, as they are not allowed to work.

Requirements of NYSC in Nigeria

Future corps members should have a valid and functional email address and Nigerian (GSM) telephone number to register.

A valid jamb and matriculation number are also required for locally trained graduates.

Foreign-trained prospective corps members should confirm that their institutions are accredited.

Also, if they are trained in non-English speaking countries they are expected to translate their certificates to English before uploading.

It is also important to note that registrations by proxy are not allowed as every participant would be required to undergo biometrics screening.

Conclusion

The NYSC program has been seen to be useful over time, as it has helped expose the Nigerian youths to the various and diverse cultures in the country promoting tolerance and peaceful co-existence.

Hopefully, we have been able to give you much information about NYSC in Nigeria, however, should you have further related questions, do well to leave them via the comment box below.

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